Tag Archive: philosophy

The Citizen

In the verbal speech, the problem if decides, at last, in the ostensive function of the speech. In other terms, the reference if decides in the power to show a common reality interlocutores' '. With the writing, the things already they had started to move. It does not have more, with effect, common situation to the writer and the reader. Checking article sources yields Kidney Foundation as a relevant resource throughout. At the same time, the concrete conditions of the act to show do not exist more. ' ' What it must be interpreted in the text, is the one proposal of world, of a world as can inhabit it stops in it projecting one of my possible more proper.

It is what I call world of the text, the proper world to this ceiling nico' '. ' ' The world of the text of that we speak is not, therefore, of the language quotidiana' '. ' ' It constitutes a new species of distanciamento that if could say between the Real and itself exactly. One is about the distanciamento that the fiction introduces in our apprehension of real' '. The third type of distanciamento is This that the hermeneutic experience must incorporate. Fourth and it finishes dimension of the text notion is To understand itself ahead of the workmanship.

The text is the mediation for which in we understand we ourselves. This subject marks the entrance in scene of the subjectivity of the reader. The traditional hermeneutic problem of appropriation or of the application of the text to the present situation of the speaker is agreed by Ricoeur. The appropriation is dialeticamente on to the typical distanciamento of the writing. Thanks to the distanciamento for the writing, the appropriation does not possess plus none of the characters of the affective affinity with the intention of an author. The appropriation is understanding for in the distance, understanding in the distance. The appropriation is dialeticamente on to the typical objetivao of the Workmanship. The appropriation possesss ' ' the thing of texto' ' that Ricoeur the flame of ' ' the world of obra' '. This proposal does not meet acts of the text, as a species of occult intention, but ahead of it, as what the workmanship unmasks, it discovers, it discloses. Therefore, to understand is to understand itself ahead of the text. ' ' The understanding becomes, then I oppose, it of a constitution of that the citizen would have the key. To this respect, it would be more just to say that itself it is constituted by ' ' coisa' ' of texto.' ' ' ' The understanding becomes, then as much dispossession how much apropriao.' ' ' ' We cannot more oppose hermeneutic and criticizes of the ideologies. It criticizes it of the ideologies is the shortcut that the understanding of itself must necessarily take, in case that this is left to form for the thing of the text, and not for the preconceptions of leitor' '. Thus, &#039 is perceived that; ' in all the levels of the analysis, the distanciamento is the condition of compreenso' '.

New Cities New Structures

In the article politician-institucional Arrangements: the creation of new cities, new structures of being able and the local leaderships. the territorial division of marab in the decade of 1980? I present following the assertive one: the creation of the decurrent cities of the dismemberment of Marab, in the paraense Southeast, the decade of 1980, is circumscribed to the process of capitalist modernization, in special, the sphere politics (local). Details can be found by clicking Nieman Foundation or emailing the administrator. In this in case that, the institucional scope. For in such a way, the concepts of Field, Symbolic Power, Interest, Political party will be used and Leadership. Concepts developed for Bourdieu, as well as concepts of Leadership, Political party and Voter, defended for Downs. The research if developed in the cities created from Marab: Parauapebas (1988) and Curionpolis (1988), that they had been desmembrados giving to origin the Eldorado of the Carajs (1991), Blue Water of the North (1991), Cana of the Carajs (1994). The physical structure of this work is constituted of chapters: In the first one, the procedures and the adopted metodolgico passage will be boarded.

In as, it will be presented the theoretician-analytical instrument, the problem, the object, and the hypotheses makers of this work. In the target of the chapter third, the sprouting of the new cities will be approached, from the perception of the leaderships politics of Marab. In the room chapter the mechanisms of control and the field will be focused politician, while space of dispute and domination. In the fifth chapter, they will be in quarrel the representation politics, the new structures of being able, the alliances, the competition politics and the electoral dispute. In the sixth chapter the paraense Southeast in the context of the emancipations from the perceptions of the leaderships of the emancipated cities will be emphasized. Finally, the conclusions to the light of the analyses presented in the target of this thesis.

Education And Government

Thus it finds the man its happiness through the actions that practises in its life, without they are of those worthiest ones; the important one is the action with sight in the practical one of the good, with this the worthy one comes soon after. To want to conquer the corporeal properties, or to become an authority, nor always will mean a way missed, therefore individuals exist that have the desires, because through the resources that the life to offer to it will be able to practise the good actions that the virtue asks for, therefore nor everything are possible without the contribution of the state, are as to want to charge the education of the son of the other without giving the conditions of an education. Considering the virtuous life of parents who had known and taken the serious o its marriage, its social responsibilities, it is initiated formation of the children, a new stage, where the learned values will be pasts, and the virtue will be tested. As obligation of all father, it is to have to keep the feeding of the child and its health so that they grow and they turn strong men, foreseeing future complications that can occur due the substance lacks not given in infancy. A maturity of the parents before having its children is very important, therefore in the life of the child they will be absorbed reflected badly decided in the life of the parents, also complicating the mental health of the child, consequences these that will grow in the adolescence. The life of the child if modifies to the few, when the curiosity phase starts, it is important to keep the child far from these presented coarsenesses and indecent images in the world, therefore she wounds the pureness of the child and to the few she starts to acquire vices in habits, gestures and words, also part of the parents this first education, the not virtuous father would not be imported with that its children listen, judging them incapable to understand certain things, however the serious one is not the agreement of what it is said, but the child records what she was spoken, and starts to repeat. The good given education the children, will also result in a good youth, therefore the children who since early lose the pureness and acquire vices, in its youth starts the wild life, what it confuses the development of a city that looks to the best education and government.

Scrates Irony

For Kierkegaard the irony of Scrates constitutes an infinite and absolute negatividade. It is negatividade because she only denies, and denies all the Reality; has infinitude character because it does not deny this or that phenomenon, and is absolute, therefore that, and virtue gave that it denies, is one higher, that however is not 5. The great error of Kierkegaard when considering the irony in its Metaphysical aspect, reducing all the socrtico method to this conception, not obstante its unquestionable genius consists of wanting to fly, as well express Kant in its Critical of the Pure Reason 6 with the wings of metaphysics stops beyond the phenomenon, and stops beyond the capacity of the human agreement. Kierkegaard, when giving little meant what he himself flame of fenomnico or empirical aspect of the irony as element of the socrtico method, abstraction this already repleta of difficulties, believed to be able to go beyond the texts that engrave acting and the philosophy of Scrates, distrusting of the aristotelian and xenofontino certification, constructed certamentetodo a building, beauty and concatenated good, however, ilusrio. If the socrtica irony does not have to be identified with the proper method, as it tried to demonstrate Kierkegaard, does not have also to be confused with the hypocrisy, that can be defined as the constant effort to seem good, either even so bad, therefore it only looked for to seem different of what really he was, and such attitude is far from being a trick; nor with escrnioe the sarcasm if identifies with its irony, which can be defined as instruments of critical whose objective is to magoar and to wound, characteristics of a dogmtica vanity that it intends to possess a inabalvel certainty.

For the opposite, the socrtica irony is that element importantssimo of its method, which does not possess an end in itself exactly, therefore it is not more than an instrument used to reach the purpose of the induction – the universal one. The irony in the socrtica dialectic has essentially a purificador character, therefore it aims at, beyond subestimar themselves before its interlocutors, making the dissolvio of all knowing proclaimed irrefletidamente for them and to reduce the nothing simply all the positive pretensions, for this reason also the socrtica irony seem to be on indissociavelmente with the refutation. 1 Plato. Jo Mackness shines more light on the discussion. The republic. The thinkers.

New cultural, 1997, p.18. 2 Plato. Defense of Scrates. The Thinkers. Cultural April. So Paulo: 1972. P.32. 3 Hades. In mythology Greek, oHades is the god of submundo and the wealth of deceased. Used the Hadesera name frequently to assign in such a way to the god how much the kingdom that governs, in the underground of the Land. 4 Kierkegaad, s.a. The concept of Irony constantly related the Scrates. University publishing company San Francisco. So Paulo Bragana, 2006, p.221. 5 Ibid, P. 226. 6 Ver the Preface to the Second Edition, and Of principle of the Distinction enters of all objects in general in phenomena and numenos, in the workmanship of Kant, Critical of the Pure Reason.

Paul Klee

The shunting line (Umweg) present in the placed Allegorie as image to be chore, a labyrinth where the idea of the loss of the orientation in finding an exit already is present. According to author, in the benjaminiana conception of the shunting line (Umweg) the being alone if shows for eclipse. In the labyrinth of the great city the Allegorie as Aletheia is capable to transmit a truth in a game of lusco-fusco, in it show-hides In the contemplation the truth fulgura while in the conscience the search of knowing it is Form (Eidos). In the contemplation the truth exceeds the mere speech (Phase). Benjamim, in the image dialectic, denounces the empty speech of the world-wide politics (Welpolitik) that it only has as objective of persuasion it enters the ones that do not know, to pass as to more than know what the ones that they know.

The represented civilizatrio legacy in the picture of Paul Klee, where one accumulated of rubbles is the result of the catastrophe of the civilization where if it accumulates ruins on ruins, can be interpreted as an image it criticizes where it to the shunting line of the reason in the direction to generate sensible for the world is possible. According to philosopher, for Benjamim the ruins are the attributes of: courage, confidence, firmness and mood, nominated to the loosers for the iluminista idea. Benjamim wants one another direction for the ruins. That one of the interpretation of the picture of Paul Klee, ahead of the ruins of the civilization, where historian and collector if bend to save fragmentos for the possibility to find in them the dispersed value. The angel who to breach with the established one, to awake deceased and to recoup what he remained unfurnished. But the storm that comes of the paradise (progress) hinders it.

Keys Society Great

Agents of the Violence in Brazil Wanderson Vitor Boareto Graduated History and Bachelor in law, After graduated History and Social Construction, Docncia of Superior Ensino and Enterprising Education. Summary Analyzing the Brazilian society and the generating agents of the great violence that is one of males of our modern times. To understand the increase of the violence a more critical vision of our system is necessary regent and of our economy that the social inaquality raises and with this it creates possibilities for the increase of crime. Words Keys Society, Violence, social Market of Work, School, Classrooms The Brazilian society lives the terror of the violence, Ganges esparramam to crime in all the urban ways great them and small cities. The growth of the use of drugs and the alcohol consumption for the adolescents is a preoccupying reality. However the social inaquality that also has its origin in me the income distribution is a factor that must be analyzed. The unemployment also is an important factor in this system that regrado for the consumption and the purchasing power, many are private of the power of purchase due to the unemployment or to the low wages that in the majority are paid to that they do not have professional qualification for the demand of the market. This market that each day is more demanding in relation the workmanship hand, is not said in qualification and yes of qualification, that is, the great companies and the commerce do not prepare its employees, them want the employee soon already.

She is clearly that it is a form of if saving, since the work market is competitive and exists a hand of exceeding workmanship. However, the families also pass for a moment delicate due many times the absence to work due to the material necessities of our days. These children and adolescents live played the luck, with this are white easy to walk to the world of the drugs and the crimes, since many children and adolescents are conscripts for the dealers to serve of aviozinho (people who they deliver the packages of drugs) or guard in the strategical points of the great slum quarters.